Kingdom Poets: C.S. Lewis

By

“Jack” Lewis (1898-1963) wanted most of all to be known as a poet. Today we know C.S. Lewis as a great literary scholar, for works such as The Allegory of Love and EnglishLiterature in the Sixteenth Century Excluding Drama, including his scholarship on such poets as John Milton and Edmund Spenser—as a Christian apologist for dozens of titles including Mere Christianity and Miracles—for his fiction, including the seven books in The Chronicles of Narnia, and his critical success, Till We Have Faces. He was also famous for his Oxford lectures, and for his skilful debates against prominent atheists—but he is not well known for his poetry.

Too often Lewis is trying to win an argument—something that just doesn’t work in a poem. He had developed such a love for the form and subject matter of medieval narrative verse, that he could not relate to the poetic techniques of the twentieth century. In one poem he mocks the famous opening of Eliot’s “Prufrock” with the lines:

For twenty years I’ve stared my level best
To see if evening—any evening—would suggest
A patient etherized upon a table;
In vain. I simply wasn’t able…

Despite this short-coming Lewis understood medieval poetry better than perhaps anyone. He wrote many beautifully poetic passages in his other writings, and did successfully (though little acknowledged) write some fine poems.

The following poem captures his desperation, like a trapped animal—as he describes himself in Surprised By Joy as “the most dejected and reluctant convert in all of England”—when he realized the truth of Christ. I find the honesty he permits himself here—perhaps because it was written for a character in his book The Pilgrims’ Regress—most refreshing.

Caught

You rest upon me all my days
The inevitable Eye;
Dreadful and undeflected as the blaze
Of some Arabian sky;

Where, dead still, in their smothering tent
Pale travellers crouch, and, bright
About them, noon’s long-drawn Astonishment
Hammers the rocks with light.

Oh, but for one cool breath in seven,
One air from northern climes,
The changing and the castle-clouded heaven
Of my old Pagan times!

But you have seized all in your rage
Of Oneness. Round about,
Beating my wings, all ways, within your cage,
I flutter, but not out.

(To read my blog about why C.S. Lewis had such a timeless quality in so much of his writing (other than his poetry) visit: Canadian Authors Who Are Christian)

Entry written by D.S. Martin. He is the award-winning author of the poetry collections Poiema (Wipf & Stock) and So The Moon Would Not Be Swallowed (Rubicon Press). They are both available here.


6 Comments

  1. yankeegospelgirl

    I must disagree, the Prufrock parody is genius. Prufrock begs and pleads to be parodied. Eliot really only attained true greatness as a poet with works like The Four Quartets.

  2. Profile photo of Andrew Peterson

    Andrew Peterson

    @andrew

    I think Martin’s only saying that the parody illustrates his distaste for 20th century techniques—I don’t think he’s using it as an example of Lewis’s “bad” poetry. On a related note, if I ever get a pig I’m going to name it Prufrock.

  3. Heather E. Carrillo

    Heh…I wonder how Mr. Eliot felt about that. Prufrock is one of my modern favorites, but I understand someone of Mr. Lewis’s talents being a little frustrated with it.

    I actually just bought a copy of Pilgrim’s Regress last week, and as soon as I get home, I think I’ll break that out. Such a beautiful piece you chose to highlight!

    Thanks for the post today.

  4. Africa S

    C.S. Lewis is a genius. As a writer, I can never get over the way he used the perfect words in the perfect order to paint the perfect picture and convey the perfect message.

    “Where, dead still, in their smothering tent
    Pale travellers crouch, and, bright
    About them, noon’s long-drawn Astonishment
    Hammers the rocks with light.”

    Ugh. What a blessing to be able to read his work, and what a shining example of how God uses his people to glorify His name. What happens when we give up our will and allow Him to work His.

  5. Peter B

    Wait — I thought Prufrock was a parody of itself.

    But wow on that final poem. Why don’t I struggle with God’s perfection like that?

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