Tradecraft: Be a Revisionary


For the last month or so I’ve been up to my eyebrows in various writing and editing projects.

I just finished a round of edits on Walter Wangerin, Jr.’s new book (due out from Rabbit Room Press later this year). I’m busy writing a short story set in Aerwiar for Andrew Peterson’s forthcoming Wingfeather Tales. I’ve been my wife’s sounding board and source of editorial feedback for her story for the same project (her contribution is amazing!). I edit Rabbit Room posts almost every day and work with writers on the development of those posts. And on top of all that, I just finished the third draft of an original stage musical (The Battle of Franklin) that will premiere this fall. Whew. That’s a lot going on at once.

In the midst of all these processes, it’s come back to me again and again how important it is for a writer to understand that his work is broken into two distinct parts. First comes the work of creation. We sit our butts in a chair and write. We beat our heads against our desks until words trickle out onto the page (or screen), and then we bemoan their insufficiency. Some of us sit down feeling like we’ve been handed a glorious vision and bear the terrifying responsibility of translating that vision into actual words. Others sit down feeling like empty vessels from which nothing of value is likely to be poured and work under the crushing fear that that feeling will prove true.

But eventually we wind our way through the gauntlet and end up with something complete-ish. That’s the first part of writing. You’ve got something written. Something to work with. Something to show for your time (though you probably shouldn’t show it to anyone yet). Now it’s time for the real work.

This is writing folks. Writing is revising. And make no mistake, revising is a learned skill.

Pete Peterson

The second part is revision. And this is where the exciting stuff happens. Once you’ve got that raw material to work with, that’s when you can start shaping it into something useful—something readable. And it’s important to realize that while, yes, you worked and slaved over that first draft and filled it will every great idea you could muster, your first ideas are rarely your best ideas.

Once you begin the process of serving your work, rather than merely creating it, you’ll begin to see how those first shapes and scenes and characters will suggest other more exciting, more vibrant shapes and scenes and characters. Do not be troubled! This is where the real magic is happening. Go back. Excise, rewrite, rework, reimagine. The best writing is rewriting. Believe this.

An example: I wrote the first draft of The Battle of Franklin (a Civil War musical) in about two weeks. When I was finished, I thought, Huh, this is pretty good. So I sent it off to the director for some feedback. We met and discussed it and his basic reaction was a hesitant “Huh, good start.”

This was not my hoped-for reaction.

So I took a look at what wasn’t working and studied it a while. Then I took a hard look at what was working and studied that a much longer while. Time to revise. Exciting new ideas emerged. I combined characters. I cut others. I reimagined entire scenes. I rethought the underlying structure. I gave lines from one character to other characters. And so on and so forth. A couple of weeks later, a much better draft emerged.

I thought this draft was good for sure, so my wife and I read it aloud. Not bad, but back to the drawing board. Revise. Revise. Then off to the director again.

This time we scheduled a reading with actors. Nothing will point out the flaws in your work like listening to another person read it out loud. (I recommend reading aloud everything you write: fiction, poetry, non-fiction—everything). The reading went well, but it shone a light on a lot of serious issues. No problem. Back to the writing chair. Add new scenes. Cut broken scenes. Rethink everything. Ask hard questions. Why does this character exist? What does this character want? What is this scene accomplishing? How does this metaphor illuminate the theme?

I just finished a third draft last night, and today I’m 100% sure the writing is done. The characters have real meat on their bones now. The conflicts are clearer. The staging is simpler. The resolution is more satisfying. Oh, and I’m also 100% wrong. It’s not done by a long shot. It’ll sit for a little while. Then I’ll read through it again. The director will read through it again. Others will read it. We’ll all poke holes in it, and eventually I’ll go back to the desk and start on a fourth draft.

But when I look back at the development, I’m astonished by how far the story has come. When I wrote the first draft, I couldn’t have imagined the complexity of the third. And that assures me that the fifth will reveal something I haven’t yet imagined.

This is writing folks. Writing is revising. And make no mistake, revising is a learned skill. You have to practice it, study it, study others, and hone your ability to draw out the good and excise the not-so-good. It’s harder than it sounds. It requires that you trust other people to reveal to you your blind spots. And it requires that you learn to mistrust yourself, or at least to mistrust your initial sense of the completeness of your work.

As an editor, I can tell you that the best writers are those who listen rather than those who insist. That doesn’t mean a writer has to think his editor is always right, but it does mean that a good writer will consider the possibility and doubt his own certainty before he makes an editorial decision.

So love your writing, but learn to be truly passionate about your rewriting. Your readers (and editors) will thank you.


(Note: This post revised four times.)


Pete Peterson is the author of the Revolutionary War adventure The Fiddler’s Gun and its sequel Fiddler’s Green. Among the many strange things he’s been in life are the following: U.S Marine air traffic controller, television editor, art teacher and boatwright at the Florida Sheriffs Boys Ranch, and progenitor of the mysterious Budge-Nuzzard. He lives in Nashville with his wife, Jennifer, where he's the Executive Director of the Rabbit Room and Managing Editor of Rabbit Room Press.


  1. Emma Chmura


    I think I still harbor some fantasy in which I just sit down and scribble out a novel in an afternoon. As someone who has spent embarrassing amounts of time revising a single Facebook post, I’m not sure how that illogical notion persists.

    What you’ve said here, @pete… so true. I see the wisdom of it. The first ideas are just like blobs of paint on a canvas. The art is in the refining.

  2. Bailey

    Somewhere in an ancient post, you talked about how most writing starts with “ramps” – sentences and paragraphs we write that are really just helping us mentally rev up to our real point. These ramps should always be taken down once we actually know what we’re talking about. This is one of the most helpful tips I’ve heard yet.

  3. Mark Proctor

    Pete, thank you for the reminder and encouragement,  particularly to go beyond the 3rd or 4th draft and to listen better to others in the process.

  4. David Getz


    I am new to the Rabbit Room, and this post has definitely got me hooked!  I am a high school orchestra teacher, and I love composition and teaching it to interested students.  I am going to share this post with my students as it puts into words so many things that I have (rather clumsily) tried to communicate over the years.  Bravo, Pete, and thanks for all you do!


    (Note: This comment revised 3 times)

  5. Jody Collins

    Pete, I appreciate your sage advice here….taking the leap to write a memoir has been burning in my soul of late, but I have hesitated for fear I won’t get it ‘right.’  I guess I should expect that I won’t…..and continue re-writing and re-writing. (I’ve heard that Tolkien’s LOTR first drafts stacked 7 feet high at one point. This is heartening news.)

    Thank you.

  6. Gina Sutphin


    Thanks Pete for all your hard work. I appreciate the time you’ve taken to help me see some these things so I can improve as a writer.

If you have a Rabbit Room account, log in here to comment.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.